P/E Ratio 
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Price to Earnings ratio 
Measuring market performance: Summary of P/E Ratio. Abstract 
The Price to Earnings ratio (P/E ratio) is a valuation ratio of a company's current share price compared to its pershare earnings. Even if Discounted Cash Flow is a superior method to value a company, sometimes investors prefer to use simpler methods.
The P/E ratio is used for measuring market performance and can be calculated as:
P/E ratio calculation: Market Value per Share : Earnings Per Share normally for a twelve month period.
Often the P/E ratio is used, because it is so easy to grasp: If you buy stock at a P/E ratio of 10, say, this means it will take 10 years for the company's earnings to add up to your original investment  10 years to "pay you back".
For example, a company that earned $10M
last year, with a million shares outstanding, had earnings per share of
$10. If that company's stock currently sells for $100 per share, it has a
P/E of 10. Stated differently, at this price, investors are willing to pay
$10 for every $1 of last year's earnings.
The price to earnings (P/E ratio) assumes that the corporation will be worth some multiple of its future earnings. This method has at least two drawbacks:
1. it is based on earnings, accounting profits, which are not a good indicator of actual value creation for shareholders  more.
2. what multiplier should be used? The industry average? Often corrections are made based on: the company's expected growth, the rate of return on new capital and the costs of capital (WACC)
Book: Steven M. Bragg  Business Ratios and Formulas : A Comprehensive Guide
Book: Ciaran Walsh  Key Management Ratios
👀  TIP: On this website you can find much more about relative company performance and the P/E Ratio! 
Compare with the P/E Ratio: Market Value Added  EBIT  EBITDA  Economic Margin  Return on Equity  TSR  PRVit
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